Ganglia Monitoring System

Ganglia Monitoring System

Ganglia is a scalable, distributed system monitor tool for high-performance computing systems such as clusters and grids. It allows the user to remotely view live or historical statistics (such as CPU load averages or network utilization) for all machines that are being monitored.

It depends on a various leveled outline focused at leagues of groups. It also depends on a multicast-based tune in/report convention to screen state inside bunches and uses a tree of point-to-point associations amongst agent group hubs to combine groups and total their state. It influences generally utilized advances, for example, XML for information representation, XDR for minimal, convenient information transport, and RRDtool for information stockpiling and perception. It utilizes precisely built information structures and calculations to accomplish low per-hub overheads and high simultaneous. The execution is powerful being that it has ported to a broad arrangement of working frameworks and processor mode. Right now, it is being used on more than 500 groups worldwide. It has been utilized to connection groups crosswise over college grounds to around the globe and can scale to handle bunches with 2000 hubs.

The ganglia framework includes two one of a kind daemon, a PHP-based web front-end, and a couple of other little utility projects.


Ganglia Monitoring Daemon (gmond)

Gmond is a multi-strung daemon which keeps running on every group hub you need to screen. It does not require having a typical NFS filesystem or a database back-end, introducing exceptional records or keeping up arrangement documents.


Principle duties:

1) Screen changes in host state.

2) Declare significant changes.

3) Listen to the condition of all other ganglia hubs by means of a uni-cast or multicast channel.

4) Answer asks for a XML portrayal of the bunch state.

5) Each gmond transmits  data in two distinctive ways

6) Unicasting or Multicasting host state in an outside information representation (XDR) position utilizing UDP messages.

7) Sending XML over a TCP association.


Ganglia Meta Daemon (gmetad)

Alliance in Ganglia is accomplished utilizing a tree of point-to-point associations among delegate bunch hubs to total the condition of various groups. At every hub in the tree, a Ganglia Meta Daemon (gmetad) intermittently surveys a gathering of youngster information sources, parses the gathered XML, spares all numeric, unpredictable measurements to round-robin databases and fares the amassed XML over a TCP attachment to customers. Information sources might be either gmond daemons, speaking to particular groups, or other gmetad daemons, speaking to sets of bunches. Information sources use source IP addresses for access control and can be indicated utilizing numerous IP addresses for failover. The last capacity is characteristic for collecting information from bunches following each gmond daemon which contains the whole condition of its group.


Ganglia PHP Web Front-end

The Ganglia web front-end gives a perspective of the assembled data through ongoing element website pages. In particular, it shows Ganglia information seriously for framework executives and PC clients. Despite the fact that the web front-end to ganglia began as a basic HTML perspective of the XML tree, it has advanced into a framework that keeps a bright history of every single gathered data.

The Ganglia web front-end takes into account framework heads and clients. For instance, one can see the CPU usage over the previous hour, day, week, month, or year. The web front-end indicates comparable diagrams for memory utilization, plate use, system insights, number of running procedures, and all other Ganglia measurements.

The web front-end relies upon the presence of the gmetad which gives it information from a few Ganglia sources. In particular, the web front-end will open the nearby port 8651 and hopes to get a Ganglia XML tree. The site pages themselves are exceedingly powerful; any change to the Ganglia information shows up promptly on the site. This conduct prompts an extremely responsive site, however requires that the full XML tree be parsed on each page access. In this way, the Ganglia web front-end ought to keep running on a genuinely capable, devoted machine in the event that it displays a lot of information.

The Ganglia web front-end is composed in PHP, and utilization charts produced by gmetad to show history data. It has been tried on numerous kinds of Unix (principally Linux) with the Apache webserver and the PHP5 module.


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